- Oxidants: substances that cause oxidation and are reduced themselves
- Reductants: substances that cause reduction and are oxidised themselves
- Reduction: the gain of electrons
- Oxidation: the loss of electrons
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|1||Balance key elements in the half equations|
|2||Balance oxygen atoms by adding water molecules|
|3||Balance the hydrogen atoms by adding \(H^+\) ions|
|4||Balance the overall charge on each side with electrons|
|5||Add states to complete the half equation|
|6||Make the number of electrons in the two half equations equal, then add them together|